The spectacle of an all-male task force being brought in to tell women what they must think may seem badly dated. For Henrietta Mears and the field she founded—a structured and professional approach to Christian Education—that field is now almost completely professionalized as evidenced by advanced degrees, etc.
By endorsing the existing power structure, religions serve a useful function for the powerful whether they are monarchs, or men in a male-dominated society.
Anti-feminism and inequality Popularly floated explanations for clerical opposition to female equality with males are unsatisfying. In Judaism, God has never been exclusively viewed as male or masculine, but rather, he obtains both masculine and feminine qualities.
Contemporary research also finds that religion thrives in situations of inequality.
History, however, would suggest that evangelicals and Pentecostals, while in some cases looking like they are providing opportunities for women to exercise their gifts of creativity and leadership, will inevitably revert to their historic patriarchal structures.
These are generally societies in which women have taken strides toward equality in most other professions. So while Kristof rightly sees new opportunities for women among some Pentecostal churches, the long view is that these opportunities will be short-lived, and these churches will at some point revert to being the patriarchal institutions they have historically been, with women, again, doing all the work, while the men take all the credit.
Volunteer work allowed women to acquire a sense of self-hood while sharpening leadership and organizational skills.
The official Church of Sweden has ordained women since and the Lutheran state church of Denmark also ordains women and admits them as bishops. This is a problem because it does not explain why the conserved tradition is biased against women to begin with instead of being biased against men.
This was true in ancient Greece, for example, where priestesses presided over festivals in honor of the god Dionysus, but this was nevertheless a heavily male-dominated society and the priestesses did not advocate female domination. This was mostly due to the cultural norms and was seen a way of life by the local community.
Thus, Islamic scholars formed a consensus around a set of secondary sources, the most notable being the ijma, qiyas, ijtihad and fatwas. Nicholas Kristof recently wrote in the New York Times of the many forms of oppression that women face in different religious settings. To say that religious leaders merely mirror the power structure of the society may be an intriguing idea but is there any concrete evidence that anti-feminism in the church is caused by anti-feminism outside the church?
Religions are useful to political leaders because they can justify steep social hierarchies. One way of thinking about this puzzle is to see gender inequality within the broader framework of social inequality.
In countries of the Middle East, female imams are generally not allowed to lead congregations containing men. So the aversion of religious leaders to gender equality may be a specific case of their more general endorsement of social inequality.
On top of that they cannot pray during menstruation and if they are pregnant or in labor during the month of Ramadan, they must make up these fasting days.
With the establishment of more equal social democracies, religion declines as illustrated by the decline of the majority Christianity in Europe.
Because it is an essential building block of marriage, family is strongly emphasized in Judaism. This was less due to the teachings of the religion but more so due to the mindsets of the era. So, if you want women to be better treated by their church, ordain more women!
In countries like the U. It is not just that the priests are male. This drove a wedge in their advancement and forced them into a dependency of the opposite gender.
In many world religions, women are making inroads in religious professions but the trend is resisted by the Catholic Church that allows women to serve as nuns but bans ordination. Women in Islam and Houri Islam is a monotheistic religion that was founded in the early seventh century by the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.
It is important to recognize that the Quran is not a static source with a fixed meaning but a dynamic, versatile one. From the deified Pharaohs of Egypt to the divine right of English monarchs, the beneficiaries of inequality used religion to justify their elevated status.
When one considers that some religions face a crisis of falling priestly vocations, yet refuse to ordain women, it seems that the churches would literally rather die than accept women as equals of men.
Although the introduction of Islamic principles was a step in the right direction, men kept the dominant position and women were required to be obedient to their husbands.
Gender has a bearing on familial lines: The position of women is not nearly as lowly as many modern people think; in fact, the position of women in halakhah Jewish Law that dates back to the biblical period is in many ways better than the position of women under American civil law as recently as a century ago.
Women play little role in public life although some, like Benazir Bhutto, of Pakistan, rose to the top. Although these sources covered alot, there were still some situations that were left to interpretation.
If you want more female ministers, begin with gender equality in the society!Belief Systems Along the Silk Road Religious beliefs of the peoples of the Silk Road changed radically over time and was largely due to the effects of travel and trade on the Silk Road itself.
For over two thousand years the Silk Road was a network of roads for the travel and dissemination of religious beliefs across Eurasia. The Role Of Women In Religion Religion Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd this paper will compare and contrast the role of women as well as discuss any influence women have had in the development of each faith.
Women throughout history have played different roles in different religion, but most of the time women were. Why Religion Opposes Female Rights By Nigel Barber Recently, the Catholic hierarchy moved to bring the Leadership Conference of Women Religious into line with orthodox Church teachings.
Related titles should be described in Role of women in religion, while unrelated titles should be moved to Role of women in religion (disambiguation).
Part of a series on: Women in society; Society. Religious Influence in Society.
by L. Ron Hubbard.
The truth of the matter is that at no time is religion more necessary as a civilizing force than in the presence of huge forces in the hands of man, who may have become very. The Roles for Women John Carlisle Kilgo Professor of Religion and Director of the Graduate Program in Religion Duke University.
Did women become, over time, sort of moved to the edges so.Download