A discussion of unethical actions taken by pharmaceutical companies towards third world countries

The involvement of human subjects in healthcare research evokes ethical concerns, especially when their culture is different and their socio-economic status is lower than the Western standards.

Unethical US Drug Company to Become the Biggest in the World

This means that local researchers, and consequently, their countries, benefit from an opportunity to use foreign scientific knowledge and economic resources, and further develop their own infrastructures. King Mithridates VI of Pontus, afraid of being poisoned, discovered one of the most famous antidotes in antiquity, by experimenting with different ingredients and trying them out on condemned prisoners.

It does not seem unreasonable to expect that such profits should also benefit the citizens of developing countries in which the research was undertaken, including the provision of proven treatments following completion of the trials.

A discussion of unethical actions taken by pharmaceutical companies towards third world countries

Joseph Ross, an associate professor of medicine and public health at Yale University School of Medicine. There is no clear, public number of lives that were lost due to this aggressive marketing campaign, and of course, Nestle is not directly responsible for their tragedies.

The result of these factors is that prescription drugs in the U. Corruption can also occur during the inspection process and this allows sub-standard products to be given a government stamp of approval. To be sure, many more steps need to be taken, but many researchers are confident that resources and capacity will be shared within the country, regionally and worldwide.

But other areas in the world have it even worse than California. Inshe was given a doctorate diploma only three months after signing up for the program. Gotch F, Gilmour J.

The point at which inducements become excessive was not always clear. Image via Crossing Guard Consulting. And the simple explanation is that many Third World governments tax the profits of their local firms at a higher rate than they do those of foreign firms.

Finally, let us not overlook the possibility of altruistic motives; industrialized countries may fund research in developing countries, not only for the sake of the advantages that this expansion entails, but also out of pure willingness to offer something to the less fortunate.

And indeed, there is evidence that some MNCs have paid bribes to government officials in order to get around obstacles erected against profitable operations of their enterprises. Besides, a signature may appear suspicious: A recent report by the UK Consumers Association claims that 7 out of the 15 breakfast cereals with the highest levels of sugar, fat, and salt were Nestle products.

However, it is not common for Western organizations and pharmaceutical companies to engage in such profit-hunting extremities, since they have very good and compelling reasons for expanding their research activities in developing countries.

But even if the water was boiled, and even if the formula was administered in the right proportion and in the right quantity, it is lacking in many of the nutrients and antibodies that breast milk provides.

Efficacy of rectal artesunate compared with parenteral quinine in initial treatment of moderately severe malaria in African children and adults: Double standards in medical research in developing countries.

Drugs may be produced through substandard or counterfeit methods, leading to products that are less effective at best, and hazardous at worst.It describes Italy and Hong Kong as having “‘first world’ per capita incomes, along with ‘third world’ rates of piracy.” When asked whether one should use software without paying for it, most people, including people in Italy and Hong Kong, say no.

In Third World countries, as much as 89 percent of health care spending is lost to corruption, while unethical practices cost First World countries an estimated $12 billion to $23 billion a year. Worldwide, this amounts to a loss of 10 to 25 percent of all drug procurement spending, or nearly $ billion.

Child labor, unethical promotion, manipulating uneducated mothers, pollution, price fixing and mislabeling - those are not words you want to see associated with your company. Nestle is the world's. Unethical Practices Of Pharmaceutical Companies corruption within ministries of health has also threatened the withdrawal of donor contributions in some low-income countries Impact On Stakeholers Discussion Questions What Are Unethical Practices of Pharmaceutical Companies?

An unethical pharmacist is essentially one who fails to be. Corruption and unethical practices are endemic at every step of the pharmaceutical business, according to WHO (World Health Organization).

One only has to turn to the seemingly on-going saga of GlaxoSmithKline to know this. Their case seems to be wide spread across the globe. It seems that GSK is a leader in pharma fraud and wrongdoing. Third World Countries Essay Examples.

Healthcare research in developing countries: ethical issues

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A discussion of unethical actions taken by pharmaceutical companies towards third world countries
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